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  • Don’t discuss ultrasound artifacts unless prompted.
  • Describe the abnormal ultrasound observations.
  • List a ranked differential diagnosis.
  • Case management in this section may not be limited to other imaging modalities. Additional procedures which would assist in the final diagnosis of these cases may be more appropriate to discuss than other imaging modalities.
  • Overall left ventricle larger than right ventricle, subjective thickening of interventricular septum and left ventricular free wall
  • LA/ao ratio mildly increased
  • Abnormal high velocity at aortic valve
  • Narrowing of left ventricular outflow tract
  • Aortic stenosis: velocity 4.2 m/s pressure 74mm Hg

monitor for signs left heart failure, arrhythmias, and infections prone to endocarditis