- There is a diffuse bronchial pattern in the lungs with thickening of bronchial walls.
- There is also a diffuse interstitial pattern with indistinct vessel margins.
- There is a focal alveolar pattern with air bronchograms in the right middle lung lobe with lobar consolidation.
- There are faint pleural fissure lines present.
- There is an incidental small, metal foreign body in the stomach.
- There is diffuse bronchial disease that is complicated by probable hematogenous bronchopneumonia that could be viral or bacterial in nature. Fungal disease is unlikely in a patient of this age. Other less likely rule-outs are ciliary dyskinesia or PIE.
- Bronchoscopy with BAL or trans-tracheal wash is recommended.
Outcome: The patient was diagnosed with Bordetella and Mycoplasma pneumonia.
Successful candidates recognized and described all components of pulmonary disease and realized there was a complicating factor to the underlying bronchial disease. Unsuccessful candidates did not recognize the bronchial pattern or came to inappropriate conclusions such as aspiration pneumonia or pleural disease.